The human body is an important topic in modern science. We are human, but how much we know about our human body.
Do you want to know “what is the largest bone in the body? Do you know their names? Maybe or maybe not.
It is very important to know about the human body. Today I tell you about the human body bones name.
The human body is full of surprises. How it moves, how it works, every little detail is extremely inspiring.
What is the largest bone in the body?
The “Femur” is the largest bone in the human body. The longest, strongest, and largest bone in the body is the femur. Although it can vary between men, women and ethnicities.
The length of the femur represents almost 27% of the total height of a person.
The femur is located in the lower part of our body, connected in the upper part by the pelvis, and in the lower part by the knee and the patella.
Because it is the only bone in the thigh. It serves as the connecting core for all the muscles that exert force on the knee and hip joints.
In fact, when we are standing, either still or walking, all the weight of our upper body rests on the femur.
What is the longest bone in the human body?
The femur is the longest bone that we can find in the human body. It is almost 50 centimeters long and is commonly known as the thigh bone.
One can assess that the femur is the longest bone just by looking at the thigh. It extends from the hip to the knee area.
Skeleton or bones is the internal structure of our human body. It is made up of about 270 bones at birth, although it decreases to 206 in adulthood. Bones represent about 12% of our body weight.
More than 30 muscles and ligaments are attached and depend on the femur for their function.
Therefore, the femur bone is of vital importance in our human body.
It supports a large part of our weight, allows us to walk and serves as a connection for such important muscles as the quadriceps femoris or biceps femoris.
What is the shortest bone in the human body?
The shortest bone is the “stirrup”. The stirrup is the shortest bone in the human body. It is the third bone among the three ossicles of the ear medium.
The ossicles of the middle ear, hammer, incus and stapes. Transmit sound pressure waves from the outer ear (and the eardrum) to the inner ear, where the waves are translated into nerve impulses that go to the brain for identification.
How many bones in the human body?
The human body skeleton is a build-up of more than 200 bones.
Inside our body, there are 206 bones. Each bone plays a very important role so that all the mechanics of the bodywork correctly. If a bone is broken, all the surrounding bones cannot do their duty properly.
How many types of bone does the human body have?
2 types of bones are there in the human body. We could think of bone as a hard and dense material, but only one type of bone is like that.
This hard dense bone is called cortical bone. Cortical bones are primarily “frame” bones. The second type, the trabecular bone is soft and cancellous.
It is usually found within large bones and in the pelvis, ribs, and skull. Although it is less dense than cortical bone, it is still quite hard and protective.
Bones of the upper limbs
The upper limbs are formed by the scapular waist, the arm, the forearm, the wrist and the hand.
The scapular girdle is formed by the clavicle and scapula and has the function of joining the upper limbs to the chest.
Forming the arms, forearms, fists and hands, we have:
- Humerus: it is the largest bone of the upper limb and is responsible for forming the arm.
- Ulna: it is the longest bone that forms the forearm.
- Radio: together with the ulna, the radio participates in the formation of the forearm.
- Carpal bones: they are located in two rows of four bones and are responsible for forming the wrist. There are carpal bones: scaphoid, semilunar, pyramidal, pisiform, trapezoid, trapezoid, capitate and uncinated.
- Pasterns: bones that form the palm of the hand and are distributed in a number of five.
- Phalanges: bones that form the fingers. They are classified into a proximal, middle and distal phalanx. The thumb has two phalanges, and the other fingers of the hand have three.
Bones of the lower limbs
The lower limbs are made up of the pelvic girdle, thigh, knee, shin, calf and foot. The pelvic girdle is responsible for ensuring the union of the lower limbs with the axial skeleton.
This waist is formed by the pelvic bones, also known as the hip bones, which originally consisted of three separate bones: ilium, ischium and pubis.
Forming the thigh, knee, shin, calf and foot, we have:
- Femur: longest bone in the human body. It is responsible for forming the thigh.
- Patella: a bone that forms the knee.
- Tibia: known as the shin bone.
- Fibula: known as the calf bone.
- Metatarsals are a group formed by five bones.
- Phalanges: are the bones that form the fingers. The hallux (big toe) is formed by two phalanges, and the rest of the toes have three.
Did you know that bones are full of spongy tissue?
Bone marrow is a spongy substance found within large bones such as the hips, pelvis, and femur. The bone marrow houses stem cells.
Stem cells are responsible for making many of the important cells in our body, including blood, brain, heart, and bone cells.
How many bones are babies born with?
Adults will end up with only 206 bones, but babies are born with almost 100 more. They are born with about 300 bones.
It is not that the bones disappear as we age, but rather that these small bones fuse together to form the largest bones in the skeletal system.
Did you know that most people have 12 ribs, but some have 13?
Having 13 ribs is a rare thing anyway. Only 1% of people are born with it. In most, this extra rib, called the cervical rib, can cause medical problems like neck pain.
For that reason, people born with this extra rib often have it removed.